The myth of Horus

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The Egyptian goddess Isis was married to her brother Osiris, who was murdered by another jealous brother, Set. The body of Osiris was dismembered and scattered. Isis managed to retrieve all the parts except his penis, which had been thrown into the Nile and eaten by a catfish, With a spell learned from her father she miraculously and temporarily revived Osiris, and with the aid of a golden phallus became pregnant with Horus.

Horus became the sky god and is depicted as a man with the head of a falcon

UnknownHorusBasRelief

Bas relief alabaster carving of the falcon god Horus, the Temple of Horus and Sobek, Kom Ombo, Upper Egypt

He also sometimes takes on the form of a falcon, without human attributes

UnknownHorusFigure

Figure of a Horus Falcon, c300-c250 BC,  gold with blue glass inlay, height 3.5 cm, Walters Art Museum, Baltimore, MD, USA

UnknownHorusAmulet

Amulet representing a ram-headed falcon, 1254 BC, found on the mummy of an Apis bull in the Serapaeum of Memphis at Saqqara, Gold, lapis, turquoise and cornelian, Musée du Louvre, Paris, France

The falcon is depicted clasping shen rings, circles with a tangential line, representing eternal protection. The Shen ring is most often seen carried by the falcon god Horus.

UnknownHorusEye

 

A Wedjat or Eye of Horus pendant, Antiquities Museum, Cairo, Egypt

The eye symbol represents the marking around the eye of the falcon, including the teardrop marking sometimes found below the eye.

 

UnknownWedjatPlaque

Wedjat Eye Plaque, 1039-991 BC, gold, 10 x 15 cm, Antiquities Museum, Cairo, Egypt

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