Edward Hopper

Edward Hopper, 1882-1967, was a prominent American realist painter and printmaker. While he was most popularly known for his oil paintings, he was equally proficient as a watercolourist and printmaker. Both in his urban and rural scenes, his spare and finely calculated renderings reflected his personal vision of modern American life.

He is probably best known for his 1942 painting Nighthawks


Edward Hopper, Nighthawks, 1942, oil on canvas, 84 x 152 cm, Art Institute, Chicago, IL, USA

Hopper was born in Nyak, NY, into a fairly prosperous family. His early training was at the New York School of Art, under William Merrit Chase, where George Bellows was also a student.

In 1905 he worked as a part time illustrator, and this is a cover for the Morse Dry Dock Company, from 1919


He also studied in Paris


Edward Hopper, Notre Dame, 1907


Edward Hopper, Couple Drinking, 1907, watercolour, 34 x 51 cm, Whitney Museum of Art, New York, NY, USA


Edward Hopper, Les Poilus, 1918, etching, 16 x 18 cm


Edward Hopper, Summer, Interior, 1909, Whitney Museum of Art, New York, NY, USA

In 1924 he married Jo Nevison, also an artist. She gave up her art and devoted her life to Edward and the promotion of his work.


Edward Hopper, Jo, 1936, oil on canvas, 40 x 41 cm, Whitney Museum of Art, New York, NY, USA

She modelled for him on numerous occasions


Edward Hopper, Morning Sun, 1952, Whitney Museum of Art, New York, NY, USA


Edward Hopper, Two Comedians, 1965, oil on canvas, Private Collection

This work, painted two years before his death, has usually been interpreted as a bowing out, or final curtain for Edward and Jo.

Edward Hopper, Cape Cod Evening, 1939, oil on canvas, 76 x 102 cm, National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, USA; and Cape Cod Morning, 1950, oil on canvas, 87 x 102 cm, Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, DC, USA

Hopper’s paintings are known for their sense of loneliness and alienation

Edward Hopper, New York Movie, 1939, oil on canvas, 80 x 102 cm, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY, USA; and Office at Night, 1940, oil on canvas, 56 x 54 cm, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN, USA

Edward Hopper, Rooms for Tourists, 1945, oil on canvas, 77 x 107 cm, Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, CT, USA; and a preparatory sketch for the painting, Rooms for Tourists, 1945, Private Collection

and, finally, much loved by Hitchcock!


Edward Hopper, Haskell’s House, 1924, watercolour, National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC

RA, Meeting No 19, 26 June 2018

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