The Newlyn School

There are a considerable number of well-known painters who are said to have joined the artists’ colony. I am talking today about the artists who worked there for several consecutive years before the place was “known”, that is to say, before it was flooded with painters and speculative building.
After that time, the “swells” came down for holidays, calling themselves artists, taking all the available lodgings, and almost crowding out the working artists. As a result, the character of the little fishing port was changed for ever.
It was two artists from Birmingham that first discovered Newlyn. Why Newlyn? The longing for clean air and light saw the flowering of painting “en plein air” movement in England. In the early 1880s, it was becoming fashionable to paint in this manner (but also daring and rebellious), where the object was to paint natural colours and tones directly from life, with the inherent problems of the changing light through the days and seasons, and with the practicalities of carrying easels, canvases and equipment to the chosen subject.
As Norman Garstin said, “your work could not be any good unless you caught a cold doing it”.

These are artists of the Newlyn School in order of their arrival there.

Walter Langley, 1852-1922

LangleyPhoto

The artist in his studio

Son of a Birmingham tailor, he arrived in Newlyn in 1881 after training at South Kensington where he studied design. He recorded life in the fishing community, painting, unusually, mainly in watercolour.  He was politically left wing and was noted for his socialist/realist portrayals of working-class figures, mainly fishermen and their families.
In 1878 he was invited to hang a self-portrait in The Uffizi to hang alongside Raphael, Rubens and Rembrandt in their collection of great artists.

LangleyCatch

Walter Langley, Carrying the Catch

LangleyFisherman

Walter Langley, The Fisherman, 1891

LangleyGreeting

Walter Langley, The Greeting, 1904

LangleyMaiden

Walter Langley, A Cornish Village Maiden, 1883

LangleyMissing

Walter Langley, Among the Missing, 1883

LangleyTides

Walter Langley, Between the Tides, 1901

LangleyVanishedHand

Walter Langley, Touch of a Vanished Hand, 1888

LangleyWaiting

Walter Langley, Waiting for the Boats, 1885

Edwin Harris, 1855-1906

HarrisSelfPortrait

Stanhope Forbes, Portrait of Edwin Harris, 1890

Born in Ladywood, Birmingham. Studied at BSA where Walter Langley was also a student.  They were to remain lifelong friends. After BSA attended Veriat’s Academy, Antwerp.
Arrived in Newlyn 1883, staying for twelve years. He interpreted his surroundings with a lighter touch than his friend Langley.
After leaving Newlyn he set up his own studio in Birmingham where he concentrated mainly on portraiture.

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Edwin Harris, Apple Blossom

HarrisCliffs

Edwin Harris, Under the Cornish Cliffs

HarrisFisherman

Edwin Harris, Fisherman

HarrisFishwife

Edwin Harris, An Old Fisherman

HarrisLesson

Edwin Harris, The Lesson

HarrisReading

Edwin Harris, Mother & Daughter Reading a Book

HarrisSnuff

Edwin Harris, A Pinch of Snuff

HarrisSticks

Edwin Harris, Gathering Sticks

Ralph Todd, 1856-1932
Moved to Newlyn in 1883. As a painter, he struggled. Some charming works, but others downright poor.

ToddPrimroseDay

Ralph Todd, Primrose Day

Leghe Suthers, 1855-1929
Very little recorded of his life. Clearly, he spent a considerable amount of time in Newlyn, bu the dates are unknown.

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Leghe Suthers, Newlyn, from Audit Lane, c1886

Fred Hall, 1860-1948
Studied at Lincoln School of Art before Veriat’s Academy in Antwerp. Arrived in Newlyn about 1883 to 85, and stayed until 1898.

HallCottage

Fred Hall, A Newlyn Cottage, c1910

Stanhope Alexander Forbes, RA, 1857-1947
Son of an English railway manager. Studied at Lambeth School of Art and the RA Schools.
Arrived in Newlyn in 1884, and is sometimes known as “the father of the Newlyn School”.
In 1889, he married his second wife Elizabeth Armstrong, also an artist (see below)
Died in Newlyn and buried nearby in Sancreed churchyard.

ForbesMousehole

Stanhope Forbes, Mousehole, near Newlyn, 1919

Frank Bramley, 1857-1915
Like Fred Hall, he studied at Lincoln School of Art and Antwerp. He arrived in Newlyn in 1884.
In contrast to most of the Newlyn colony, he painted many interiors.
He was a regular exhibitor at the Royal Academy. He left Newlyn in 1895 and settled in Grasmere.

BramleyEyes

Frank Bramley, Eyes and no Eyes, or The Hopeless Dawn, 1887, Tate, London

Percy Robert Craft, 1856-1934
Arrived in Newlyn in 1885 and left in 1899.
Attended UCL and the Heatherley’s and the Slade.

CraftPilchards

Percy Craft, Tucking a School of Pilchards, 1897

Thomas Cooper Gotch, 1854-1931
The son of a shoemaker, he studied in London and Antwerp, and arrived in Newlyn in 1887. Painted naturalistic pastoral scenes before immersing himself in the Pre-Raphaelite school, and is best known for his work at that period.
Like Forbes, he was also buried in Sancreed churchyard.

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Thomas Gotch, Portrait of Phyllis Gotch

Albert Chevallier Tayler, 1862-1925
Studied at Heatherley’s School of Art and the RA Schools.
He arrived in Newlyn in 1884 and stayed twelve years.

TaylerFeedingTime

Albert Tayler, Feeding Time, 1888

Henry Edward Detmold, 1859-1921
Born into a merchant family of German origin. He came to Newlyn in 1885, after studying in Düsseldorf, Brussels, Munich and Paris? Specialised in Landscape and marine subjects.
He was buried in the Père Lachaise cemetery in Paris.

DetmoldFisherman

Henry Detmold, An Old Fisherman

Frank Wright Bourdillon, 1851-1929
Born in India. Studied at the Slade and later in Paris. He arrived in Newlyn in 1887, and after five years he returned to India as a Christian missionary.
He used the “square brush technique”, where the flat of the brush is used to lay down squarish strokes of colour directly on to the canvas, unblended, in the form of a jigsaw puzzle.

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Frank Bourdillon, The Jubilee Hat, 1887

Elizabeth Forbes (née Armstrong), 1859-1912.
A Canadian, she married Stanhope Forbes (above) in 1889. Having studied at South Kensington, now the Royal College of Art, she became an artist of considerable merit.

ForbesESchoolsOut

Elizabeth Forbes, School’s Out, 1889

William Banks Fortescue, 1850-1924
Also from Birmingham. He studied in Paris and Venice. Not very prolific, but. exhibited surprisingly frequently.

FortescueHarbour

William Fortescue, Old Newlyn Harbour

Norman Garstin, 1847-1926
Studied in Antwerp and Paris.
Contributed greatly to the “Newlyn experience”.

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Norman Garstin, In a Cottage

MH, Meeting No27, 16 October, 2018

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